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Georgia



Georgia is a southern state of the United States and its U.S. postal abbreviation is GAGeorgia was one of the thirteen colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution. It was the thirteenth colony and became the fourth state, ratifying the United States Constitution on January 21788.

Georgia is also known as the Peach State or Empire State of the South .

The state song, Georgia on My Mind by Hoagy Carmichael was originally written about a woman of that name, but after Georgia native Ray Charles sang it, the state legislature voted it the state song. Ray Charles sang it on the legislative floor when the bill passed.

The state tree is the Southern live oak (Quercus virginiana), the state bird is the brown thrasher (Toxostoma rufum), and the state flower is the cherokee rose (Rosa laevigata).

History

Early on, a number of Spanish explorers visited the inland region of Georgia, leaving a trail of destruction behind them. The local moundbuilder culture, described by Hernando de Soto in 1540, had completely disappeared by 1560.

The conflict between Spain and Britain over control of Georgia began in earnest in about 1670, when the British, moving south from their Carolina colony in present-day South Carolina met the Spanish moving north from their base in Florida. In 1724, it was first suggested that what was by then a British colony be called Province of Georgia in honor of King George II.

Massive British settlement began in the early 1730s with James Oglethorpe, an Englishman in the British parliament, who promoted the idea that the area be used to settle people in a debtors′ prison. On February 12, 1733, the first settlers landed in the HMS Anne at what was to become the city of Savannah. This day is now known as Georgia Day, which is not a public holiday, but is mainly observed in schools and by some local civic groups.

On January 18, 1861 Georgia joined the Confederacy and became a major theater of the American Civil War. In December 1864, a large swath of the state was destroyed during General William Tecumseh Sherman′s March to the Sea. This event served as the historical background for the book and movie Gone With the Wind. On July 15, 1870, following Reconstruction, Georgia became the last former Confederate state to be readmitted to the Union.

On February 19, 1953 Georgia became the first U.S. state to approve a literature censorship board in the United States.

Georgia has had five "permanent" state capitals: colonial Savannah, which later alternated with Augusta; then for a decade at Louisville (pron. Lewis-ville), and from 1806 through the American Civil War at Milledgeville. The state′s legislature also met at other temporary sites, including Macon, especially during the Civil War.

GEORGIA COUNTIES


Dekalb
Gwinnett
Fulton
Cobb
Barrow
Rockdale
Newton
Walton
Forsyth
Bartow
Polk
Floyd
Cherokee
Carroll
Haralson
Douglas
Paulding
Gordon
Pickens
Lamar
Fayette
Pike
Spalding
Butts
Heard
Meriwether
Coweta
Henry
Troup
Clayton
Upson
Emanuel
Montgomery
Wheeler
Jefferson
Evans
Bulloch
Tattnall
Screven
Burke
Toombs
Candler
Jenkins
Laurens
Treutlen
Hall
Habersham
Banks
Union
Fannin
Hart
Jackson
Franklin
Gilmer
Rabun
White
Lumpkin
Dawson
Stephens
Towns
Clarke
Oglethorpe
Oconee
Morgan
Elbert
Madison
Taliaferro
Greene
Wilkes
Murray
Walker
Whitfield
Catoosa
Chattooga
Dade
Columbia
Richmond
Mcduffie
Warren
Glascock
Lincoln
Wilcox
Wilkinson
Monroe
Houston
Taylor
Dooly
Peach
Crisp
Dodge
Bleckley
Twiggs
Washington
Putnam
Jones
Baldwin
Pulaski
Telfair
Jasper
Macon
Johnson
Crawford
Bibb
Marion
Hancock
Liberty
Chatham
Effingham
Mcintosh
Bryan
Long
Ware
Bacon
Coffee
Appling
Pierce
Glynn
Jeff Davis
Charlton
Brantley
Wayne
Camden
Lowndes
Cook
Berrien
Clinch
Atkinson
Brooks
Thomas
Lanier
Echols
Dougherty
Sumter
Turner
Mitchell
Colquitt
Tift
Ben Hill
Irwin
Lee
Worth
Talbot
Harris
Chattahoochee
Schley
Muscogee
Stewart
Webster
Calhoun
Decatur
Early
Clay
Terrell
Grady
Randolph
Miller
Seminole
Quitman
Baker

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