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Originally settled in 1607, Maine became part of Massachusetts in 1652. Because it was physically separated from the rest of Massachusetts and was growing in population at a rapid rate, it became the 23rd state along with Missouri on March 15, 1820. This has become known as the Missouri Compromise because admitting both states into the union kept the balance between slave and free states. Maine′s original capital was Portland until 1832, when it was moved to the more geographically central city of Augusta.

Law and Government

In June of 2003, the Maine Legislature passed a comprehensive health insurance plan. Maine′s politics is notable for several reasons. In the 1930s it was one of very few states which remained in the control of the republican party. In the 1936 presidential election, Franklin Roosevelt received the electoral votes of all states other than Maine and Vermont. Also, Maine has received "third parties" (political parties other than the democrats and republicans) more favorably than most states). Maine has had two independent governors recently (James B. Longley from 1975 to 1979 and Angus King from 1995 to 2003). Neither could establish a viable political party and the state reverted to democratic or republican control after each of their administrations. But the reform party of Ross Perot achieved more success in Maine than in most states in the 1992 and 1996 presidential elections, and the green party candidate received 9% of the vote in the 2002 gubernotorial election, more than in any election for a statewide office for that party. Finally, many Maine republicans are noted for having more liberal views than most others in their party, as in other New England states. Famous politicians from Maine include James Blaine, Edmund Muskie, William Cohen and George Mitchell. See: List of Maine Governors


To the south and east is the Atlantic Ocean, and to the northeast is New Brunswick, a province of Canada. The Canadian province of Quebec is to the northwest. Maine is the northernmost state in the New England region and the easternmost state in the country (the easternmost city in the United States is Eastport, Maine), bordered on the west by New Hampshire. It is the only state that borders exactly one other state. The highest mountain is Mt. Katahdin and the largest lake is Moosehead Lake.

It is the most sparsely populated state east of the Mississippi River, owing in part to its relative size -- its land mass exceeds that of the other New England states combined. It is appropriately called the "Pine Tree State", as 90 percent of its land is forest. West Quoddy Head is the country′s easternmost piece of land. Along the famous rock-bound coast of Maine are lighthouses, sandy beaches, quiet fishing villages and thousands of offshore islands, including the Isles of Shoals, which straddles the state border. Jagged rocks and cliffs, and thousands of bays and inlets add to the rugged beauty of Maine′s coast. Inland, there are sparkling lakes, rushing rivers, green forests and towering mountains. Maine′s Acadia National Park is the only national park in New England, and the second most visited national park in the United States.


Maine′s agricultural outputs are seafood, poultry and eggs, potatoes, dairy products, cattle, blueberries, and apples. Its industrial outputs are paper, lumber, and wood products, electric equipment, food processing, leather products, textiles, and tourism.

Maine has a long tradition of personal self-reliance, and Yankee ingenuity.

Miscellaneous information

Maine has a long tradition of personal self-reliance, and Yankee ingenuity.
  • State bird: Chickadee
  • State flower: White Pinecone and Tassel
  • State tree: White Pine
  • State mammal: Moose
  • State insect: Honeybee
  • State fish: Atlantic salmon
  • State song: State of Maine Song
  • State cat: Maine Coon
  • State soft drink: Moxie