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Ohio is a Midwestern state in the northeastern corner of the United States. It was the first and eastern-most state in the Midwest admitted to the Union under the Northwest Ordinance. Its U.S. postal abbreviation is OH; its old-style abbreviation is O. Ohio is an Iroquois word meaning "great water." The name refers to the Ohio River that forms its southern border.

Brief History of Ohio

Ohio, the region north of the Ohio River and south of the Great Lakes, was originally controlled by various native tribes. At the time of European colonization, the Iroquois federation of the New York area claimed the region including the modern territory of Ohio as a hunting grounds. However, locally, the region was populated by several other peoples, principally the Miamis, Wyandots, Delawares, Shawnees, Ottawas, and Eries. During the 18th century, the French set up a system of trading posts to control the fur trade in the region.

In 1754, France and Great Britain fought a war known in the United States as the French and Indian War. As a result of the Treaty of Paris, the French ceded control of Ohio and the old Northwest to Great Britain.

Britain soon passed the Proclamation of 1763, which prohibited the American colonists from settling in Ohio Country. British control of the region ended with the American victory in the American Revolution, after which the British ceded claims to Ohio and the territory in the West to the Mississippi River to the United States.

The United States created the Northwest Territory in 1787 under the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, also known as the Freedom Ordinance because for the first time slavery would be prohibited from an entire American region. The states of the Midwest would be known as free states, in contradistinction to those states south of the Ohio River known as slave states, and later, as Northeastern states abolished slavery in the coming two generations, the free states would be known as Northern States. The Northwest Territory originally included areas that had previously been known as Ohio Country and Illinois Country. As Ohio prepared for statehood, Indiana Territory was created, reducing the Northwest Territory to the approximately the size of present-day Ohio plus the eastern half of Michigan′s lower peninsula.

Under the Northwest Ordinance, any of the states to be formed out of the Northwest Territory would be admitted as a state once the population exceeded 60,000. Although Ohio′s population numbered only 45,000 in December 1801, Congress determined that the population was growing rapidly and Ohio could begin the path to statehood with the assumption that it would exceed 60,000 residents by the time it would become a state. On February 19, 1803, President Jefferson signed an act of U.S. Congress that recognized Ohio as the 17th state. The current custom of Congress declaring an official date of statehood did not begin until 1812, with Louisiana′s admission. So, on August 7, 1953 (the year of Ohio′s 150th anniversary), President Eisenhower signed an act that officially declared March 1, 1803 the date of Ohio′s admittance into the Union.

In 1835, Ohio fought a mostly bloodless boundary war with Michigan over the Toledo Strip known as the Toledo War. Congress intervened, giving the land, which included the city of Toledo, to Ohio. In exchange, Michigan was given the Upper Peninsula.

State symbols

  • State animal: White-tailed Deer
  • State bird: Cardinal
  • State capital: Columbus
  • State flower: Scarlet Carnation
  • State wildflower: Large white trillium (Trillium grandiflorum)
  • State insect: Ladybird Beetle
  • State song: "Beautiful Ohio"
  • State rock song: "Hang On Sloopy"
  • State tree: Ohio Buckeye
  • State fossil: Trilobite genus Isotelus
  • State drink: Tomato juice
  • State reptile: Black racer snake
  • State gemstone: Ohio Flint
  • State motto: "With God all things are possible"

 

OHIO COUNTIES


Licking
Franklin
Delaware
Knox
Union
Champaign
Clark
Fairfield
Madison
Perry
Ross
Pickaway
Fayette
Hocking
Marion
Logan
Morrow
Wyandot
Hardin
Wood
Sandusky
Ottawa
Lucas
Erie
Williams
Fulton
Henry
Defiance
Muskingum
Noble
Belmont
Monroe
Guernsey
Morgan
Coshocton
Tuscarawas
Jefferson
Harrison
Columbiana
Lorain
Ashtabula
Cuyahoga
Geauga
Lake
Summit
Portage
Medina
Wayne
Mahoning
Trumbull
Stark
Carroll
Holmes
Seneca
Hancock
Ashland
Huron
Richland
Crawford
Hamilton
Butler
Warren
Preble
Brown
Clermont
Adams
Clinton
Highland
Greene
Shelby
Darke
Miami
Montgomery
Mercer
Pike
Gallia
Lawrence
Jackson
Vinton
Scioto
Athens
Washington
Meigs
Allen
Paulding
Putnam
Auglaize
Van Wert

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